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Problem

常见问题

Is a agreement needed for trademark

Answer:

  商标转让需不需要协议?
  Is a agreement needed for trademark transfer?
  答: 需要。商标转让须提交由双方签署的申请书及转让合同。
  Reply: Yes, it is. The application and transfer contract concluded by parties concerned shall be submitted.
  商标与商品的包装装潢有何区别?
  What’s the difference between trademark and package decoration?
  答: 商标是商品包装装潢的一部分,二者同时使用于商品包装。商标的作用是区别商品的不同生产者或经营者,而装潢的主要作用是美化商品。已注册商标不能改动,而装潢可任意变换设计式样 。
  Reply: Trademark is part of package decoration. Both of them are used to package of the products at the same time. The trademark is used to distinguish different producers or operator. However the decoration is for beautifying the commodity. The registered trademark cannot be changed, but the decoration can be altered freely.
  商标保护依据什么原则?
  What’s the protection principles
  答: 不同的国家及地区采用的商标保护原则不同,目前国际上的商标保护原则分为申请在先、使用在先以及申请在先和使用在先兼具3种。
  Reply: Different countries and districts adopts different trademark protection principles. At the point, the international trademark protection principles include first-to-file principle, first-to-use principle or both.
  什么是优先权?
  What is priority?
  答: (1)享有优先权  Enjoy priority
  凡任何人士在巴黎公约国或世贸成员国就某产品或服务注册商标,都可在提交申请后的六个月内享有优先权。
  Anyone who registers trademarks in Paris convention countries or WTO members for certain products or service, can enjoy the priority after six months of the application.
  (2)行使优先权  Execute priority
  第一次提交商标申请的六个月内申请其他国家之商标,可行使优先权,把第二次申请的申请日追溯到第一次申请的日期。
  Any trademarks who apply for trademark in other countries within six months of the application, can execute priority. The second application date ought to be dated back to the first application date.
  商标可以续展吗?
  Can trademark be extended?
  答: 商标期满可以续展,续展有效期一般10年。
  Reply: Yes, it can. Generally, the valid extension term can be 10 years.
  商标有效期是多少年?
  How many years are the valid term of trademark?
  答: 绝大部分国家及地区的商标有效期为10年,小部分国家及地区例外,如:加拿大有效期为15年、澳门有效期为7年。
  Reply: The valid term of trademark in most countries and districts is 10 years other than a small number of exceptions, for example: 15 years in Canada and 7 years in Australia.
  注册商标需要多长时间?
  How long does it take to register a trademark?
  答: 不同国家及地区的办理时限不同(例如:香港4-8个月、中国12-18个月),一般需要4-24个月。
  Reply: The conduction term is diversified in different countries and districts (for example: 4 to 8 months are required in Hong Kong; 12 to 18 months in China). Generally 4 to 24 months are needed.
  注册商标需要提交什么资料?
  What materials are required for trademark registration?
  答: 每个国家及地区要求提供的资料不尽相同,一般需要提交申请人身份证明资料、申请书和商标图样。
  Reply: each country or district requires different materials. Generally, the applicant shall submit identification certification materials, application letter and trademark sample.
  个人能否申请商标注册?
  Can individual apply for trademark application?
  答: 除了公司,申请人也能以个人名义申请商标注册。
  Reply: Except company, the applicant can apply for trademark registration in his own name.
  什么是尼斯分类(Nice Classification)?
  What is Nice Classification?
  答: 尼斯分类(NCL)是一种用于商标注册的商品和服务国际分类体系,主要在申请时用来区分不同的商品或服务。
  Reply: NCL is used for commodity and service trademark registration to classify different commodity or service.
  提交商标注册申请前,须注意哪些评估事项?
  What matters shall be assessed prior to submitting the application of trademark registration?
  答: 注册数据提交前须评估事项包括:
  Reply: The following matters ought to be assessed prior to submitting registration date:
  (1)商标是否足以识别商标拥有人与其他商户的货品或服务
  If the trademark can be used to clarify its owner from other business’s commodity or service?
  (2)商标能否特显其货品及服务
  If the trademark can feature its commodity and service?
  (3)商标是否为行业通用语言/用词
  If the trademark is the universal language / wording?
  (4)商标是否与其他商标相同或相似
  If the trademark is the same or similar to other trademark?
  哪些标志不可以作为商标进行注册?
  Which signs cannot be used to trademark registration?
  答: 下列标志不得作为商标使用:
  Reply: the following signs cannot be used for trademark?
  (1)与国家名称、国旗、国徽、军旗、勋章相同或近似,以及与国家机关所在地特定地点的名称或者标志性建筑物的名称、图形相同
  The sign is the same or similar to a country’s name, flag, national emblem, army flag or medal. Or it is the same  with the names, graph of the special place where state organs locates or symbolic building.
  (2)与国际组织的名称、旗帜、徽记相同或者近似
  The sign is the same or similar to a international organization’s name, flag or emblem.
  (3)与表明实施控制和保证的官方标志、检验印记相同或者近似(经授权的除外)
  The sign is the same or similar to official marks, inspection seal that showing actual control and guarantee (excluding the authorized sign)
  (4)带有种族歧视
  The sign has certain racial discrimination.
  (5)夸大宣传并带有欺骗性
  The advertisement is exaggerated with deceptive purpose
  (6)与商品的通用名称、图形、型号一致(例如:电脑、笔、公文包等)
  The sign is consistent with commodity’s common name, shape and type (for example: computer, pens, briefcase and etc.)
  (7)直接表示商品的质量、主要原料、功能、用途、重量、数量及其他特点
  The sign directly shows the commodity’s quality, main raw materials, functions, usage, weight, quantity and other features.
  (8)与红十字会、红新月会的名称、标志相同或者近似
  The sign is the same or similar to the name, marks of Red Cross Organization, Red Crescent Organization.
  商标具有什么特征?
  What features does the trademark own?
  答: 商标具有以下特征 :
  Reply: the trademark owns the following features:
  (1)商标是区别于他人商品或服务的标志
  The trademark can distinguish its products from other commodity or service.
  (2)商标是由文字、图形、字母、数字、颜色、三维标志,或这些要素组合而成的标志
  Trademarks, three-dimensional symbol, are composed by words, graphs, letter, figures, or colors. Or the trademarks are composed by the combined abovementioned factors.
  (3)商标具有独占性,商标持有人对其商标具有专用权,受法律保护
  The trademark is owned by certain sole person or units. Its holder enjoys excluding rights, which is protected by laws.
  (4)商标是一种无形资产,商标的价值可以通过评估确定,并可转让或许可他人使用,从而获取收益
  The value of trademark, intangible assets, can be confirmed through assessment. And the trademark can be transferred or approved to be used by others to obtain profits.
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